Business and Enterprise

The OCR Level 1/2 Cambridge National Certificate in Business and Enterprise will offer opportunities to develop business skills demanded by employers in the UK today. It will enhance the learner’s readiness for the world of work by developing transferable skills such as planning, research and analysis, working with others and effective communication.

Unit R061: Introduction to business - studied in Year 9, 10 and 11 

This unit will provide learners with knowledge and understanding of how different forms of business ownership operate. It will cover how businesses are run in terms of their form of ownership, the impact of external factors on business success, understanding the different objectives businesses may have, and the key functional areas within a business which enable it to operate effectively.

Many areas taught in this unit will also be built upon and additionally assessed in an applied context in unit R063, such as; business objectives, finance, marketing, production/operations, human resources and external factors.

Learners will be taught different forms of business ownership and consider which of these forms of ownership are appropriate for different forms of business. They will be introduced to the concept of business objectives and understand how, and why, they are important to a business, and indeed why they may change over time.

Learners will also look at factors which impact on small, medium and large businesses such as basic social and economic factors and understand the restrictions that these factors place on business activity. They will also begin to consider how a business operates in terms of its key functional areas and the specific activities and responsibilities within each area.

The unit encourages learners to take the knowledge they have acquired from the teaching, and investigate how this relates to businesses in the real world. The external assessment will draw on the learners’ research and assess what they have learned, in an applied context, to a fictional business.

On completion of this unit, learners will have developed analytical and evaluative skills by conducting research on real businesses and applying this in the examination so that they have an understanding of business operations and their application in a realistic context. The skills and knowledge acquired by completing this unit will be transferable to further learning in their qualification, in terms of being able to apply business knowledge to enterprise activities in other units. It will also assist learners entering the world of work in terms of understanding how businesses operate.

Unit R062: Planning for work – studied in Year 10

This unit will provide learners with skills and knowledge which will assist them with planning for their future career and preparing for entering the world of work. Learners will gain an understanding of job roles within businesses, they will take part in the recruitment process, and they will evaluate how they currently see themselves in terms of their career aims. They will then create a career plan to help them understand how to achieve these aims.

They will learn why it is important for businesses to recruit the right staff with the right skills in order to produce goods/services to meet customer requirements. They will also learn about the recruitment process, including finding out about job descriptions, person specifications and how these are used by businesses to recruit. Learners will gain knowledge of how businesses use these tools, and then go on to use this knowledge as applicants. They will learn techniques for self-assessment, how to identify employment areas of interest to them and how to match job role requirements to their own self-assessment. They will learn how to apply for a job and how to produce a career plan. Learners will be able to use this work as a basis to plan for future employment opportunities.

On completion of this unit, learners will be equipped with the skills and knowledge to help them plan for employment. It will also provide them with knowledge of the different roles which are available in a business enterprise. This has direct links to unit R063: Setting up and running an enterprise, where the learner’s awareness of their own skill-set, in relation to different roles and responsibilities within an enterprise, is key.

Unit R063: Setting up and running an enterprise – studied in Year 11

This unit will provide learners with an understanding of enterprise activities in a business context. The learner will develop skills which will help to: identify and plan enterprise activities, contribute towards the implementation of an enterprise activity, and review both their own contribution to the enterprise and how successful the enterprise activities were.

The teaching and assessment of this unit builds on many of the areas covered in unit R061, including the external factors that affect business enterprises, the key functions of business (finance, marketing, production/operations and human resources), and their relevance to an enterprise activity. It also builds on the skills developed in unit R062 when skill-sets are matched to roles, and encourages the application of these skills during the planning stages of an enterprise.

Learners will look at what an enterprise activity is and factors which make one viable. They will be able to identify any constraints which may affect the success of an enterprise and consider how to overcome these. Learners will be encouraged to generate their own innovative ideas for an enterprise activity, which if deemed viable, will form the basis for the rest of this unit.

The unit encourages learners to work collaboratively and will enhance their communication, presentation, team-working and negotiation skills. It also develops time-management and project planning skills, skills that will help learners relate what they are learning in the classroom to the real world of work. Learners will have the opportunity to take on different roles and tasks within the enterprise activity, encouraging them to work towards both team objectives and to manage individual areas of personal responsibility. Although activities maybe largely team-based, it is the learner’s individual contribution to the enterprise activity which will be assessed. It is therefore important that each learner is aware of how each separate business function operates and how these functions must co-ordinate with each other to ensure the overall success of the enterprise.

On completion of this unit, learners will have identified and planned an enterprise activity, and then gone on to implement these plans. They will have developed evaluative skills by conducting a thorough review of both their own contribution to the activity and of the enterprise itself, identifying areas for improvement. The skills and knowledge acquired by completing this unit will be transferable to further learning or the world of work– project planning, time-management, creative thinking, teamwork and decision-making are all highly-valued attributes in both areas.

Assessment Without Levels

The following document highlights the skills required to meet each grade using our new Assessment Without Levels system.

Business and Enterprise - Assessment Without Levels

Business and Enterprise Staff
Mrs M. HeatonHead of Department / Head of Geography
Mr D. WilliamsHead of Computing / Teacher of Business and Enterprise
Mrs J. WrightDeputy Headteacher/ Teacher of Business and Enterprise
Mrs K WooseyTeacher of Business Studies

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